What are Tasks?
Project management is all about task and process management. A task in a project may be defined as an action with a specific accomplishment in one stage of the process. Tasks are everywhere in a business; they are steps that need to be executed for the process to function as designed.
In computer programming, a task may be defined as a unit of work being executed. A task is a sub-part of a job. Several tasks together form a job. A task may be referred to as a thread sometimes.
For example: when we run a thread in Java, it is called a task. A printer printing a document is said to be executing a printing task. When several tasks are performed together, it is referred to as multitasking. Multi-tasking is also referred to as time-sharing.
What is the difference between a job and a task? A job is a complete unit of work under execution. A job is made up of many steps or tasks that are executed as batches. A program is written to run a job. Although job and task are used synonymously in computational work, they both mean different things. When there is only a single job, it may be referred to as a task.
Work is another term that is often used interchangeably with the terms job, task, and process. Work may be defined as an event that is happening. Work also means employment, occupation, and labor as per specific contexts. The comparison of work vs task may be done in terms of the purpose and duration. A task has a single, specific purpose, while work has multiple purposes. The duration of a task is specific, while work is continuous by nature.
What are Processes?
A business process is a set of tasks that are executed to achieve business outcomes. The input to a process is raw materials and effort, while the output is usually a product or service. Employee productivity and long-term business growth are determined by how well business processes are managed.
Business processes are the core upon which a business operates. Having a well-planned and implemented process offers several advantages, like:
a clearly defined process streamlines business operations by cutting out redundancies and repetitions
Saves time and effort:
clearly mapped business processes have well-defined roles, which enables smooth execution of process saving time and avoiding duplicate effort
Minimizes opportunity cost:
a clear process design frees up time for employees. This time can be utilized in performing more productive work, thereby, reducing the opportunity cost
Improves operational efficiency:
when the project and department teams are clear about their roles, there is no wasted or duplicated effort or redundancies. Operational efficiency is more in a clearly defined process workflow.
The definition of job and process is very similar. Both process and jobs are a set of tasks performed to accomplish specific outcomes.